Passover & Exodus

We have seen God create the heavens and the earth and all contained herein including the creation of man and women. We have seen sin being created by Adam & Eve disobeying God’s orders. We have seen the first marriage confirmed as well. We then witnessed the first attempt of eliminating the sin with Noah and the ark which stood the great flood that was the evil away. But it didn’t stay away as we learned that sinners were trying to build a tower to get to heaven.

We also learned about Abram who later was renamed Abraham. We learned of Isaac who was the target of a sacrifice by Abraham because the Lord asked Him to do it to prove his love for God but was spared. Isaac became a young man and we learned the story who favored two sons over the others.

Last week we were told the story of Joseph who had two dreams that led his brothers to sell him who reunites with his family after a drought when he reveals that he is not only a powerful servant but a brother. Last week we learn of the story of Moses who was instructed by God to go to Egypt to rescue His people.

Moses went to Pharaoh and demanded that he let the Israelites to go into the desert to worship. Pharaoh refused. God sent ten plaques on Egypt to demonstrate His power over their Gods.  The last plaque announced was the worst – every first-born child must die.

Today’s bible study comes from the book of Exodus. Exodus 11:4 – 14:31

The Lord sent the following plaques already:

(1) water turned into blood; fish died; (2) Plague 2 — frogs. …; (3) biting insects; (4) wild animals. …; (5) (6) livestock disease and boils. …; (7) fiery hail. …; (8) locusts. …; (9) darkness

The Lord had instructed Moses to go to Pharaoh. So Moses said, “This is what the Lord says: ‘About midnight(A) I will go throughout Egypt. Every firstborn son in Egypt will die, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh, who sits on the throne, to the firstborn son of the female slave, who is at her hand mill,(D) and all the firstborn of the cattle as well.

The Lord had said to Moses, “Pharaoh will refuse to listen to you — so that my wonders may be multiplied in Egypt.” Moses and Aaron performed all these wonders before Pharaoh, but the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he would not let the Israelites go out of his country.

The new month came, and the Lord told Moses to give very specific instructions to the Israelites. The whole community of Israel is to take a lamb for his family, one for each household. If any household is too small for a whole lamb, they must share one with their nearest neighbor, having considered the number of people there are. You are to determine the amount of lamb needed in accordance with what each person will eat. The animals you choose must be year-old males without defect, and you may take them from the sheep or the goats. Take care of them until the fourteenth day of the month, when all the members of the community of Israel must slaughter them at twilight. Then they are to take some of the blood and put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs. That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast. Do not eat the meat raw or boiled in water but roast it over a fire—with the head, legs and internal organs. Do not leave any of it till morning; if some is left till morning, you must burn it. This is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is the Lord’s Passover. It was the celebration of the freedom from slavery of the children of Israel from ancient Egypt following the ten plaques.

Moving on they started travelling when Pharaoh and the Egyptians caught up with them. Per God’s instructions, Moses held out his staff and the Red Sea was parted by God. The Israelites walked on the exposed dry ground and crossed the sea, followed by the Egyptian army. Moses again moved his staff once the Israelites had crossed and the sea closed again, drowning the whole Egyptian army.

When the Israelites witnessed the power of the Lord with parting the Red Sea, and then un-parting the Red Sea thereby separating the Israelites and Pharaoh, they saw God’s power. At that point they feared the Lord but put their trust in the Lord and His servant Moses.

Questions to be answered:

  1. What did we learn about God in this story?
  2. What do we learn about man/ourselves in this story?
  3. What did you learn new in this story?
  4. What should I do differently because of this story?

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